Editing is a necessity of the writing process. We can go over and over the same piece of writing, or ask friends or family to edit it for us, but it takes trained eyes to spot issues with content and/or punctuation. Additionally, the more we look over something, the more we lose our objectivity and tend to miss things. How many times have you read something over and over, then printed it out only to find an error on the page?

As a writer, you want your work to be the best it can be, which means editing and revision. Don’t think for a moment that your writing can exist without it.


Copyediting is also known as line-editing, because it looks at the text on a line-by-line process. Copyediting checks the text and corrects spelling, grammar, punctuation, checks facts (such as dates, mathematical formulas, the legitimacy of jargon), ensures that house style has been applied, employs whatever formatting may be required, and makes sure that the text flows and (if necessary) that it won’t pose any legal problems.

Structural Editing

Have you ever watched a movie and scoffed at an issue with the plot? Or have you ever read a novel and found the motivations of a character unconvincing? Maybe you’ve read a nonfiction book and been unconvinced by its arguments? This is the sort of thing structural editing looks at. It is a much more invasive type of editing that looks at the ideas behind the text and explores whether those ideas have been explored or argued adequately, whether they’ve been overwritten or are confusingly presented, or whether they’re in a logical order.


The reality of the revision process is that errors will either slip through or new errors will be introduced. Proofreading strives to correct any remaining errors and make your copy as pristine as possible before it’s printed.

Please keep in mind, this is not the time to make wholesale changes; it’s not when you decide to include a new chapter, or to move events from page 50 to page 36. Proofreading is purely an exercise in cleaning up the text as much as humanly possible so that it’s ready to be printed and bound into a book.

The baseline for fees is:Fee
Copyediting3.5 cents per word
Structural editing4.5 cents per word
1.5 cents per word